Harlem Renaissance Timeline for Kids

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1870 – Slaves who are no longer enslaved move on (1870’s).

Beginning in the 1870’s, a large number of former slaves started moving north from the oppressive south.

1900 – Harlem becomes the final destination

Harlem, in New York, was founded by wealthy white people. Former slaves and other immigrants settled in this prosperous area as they made their way north.

1910 – The NAACP is founded

NAACP is an acronym for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. It was founded in 1910.

1916 – Madame Walker moves to Harlem

In 1916, Madame Walker relocated to Harlem. She was a wealthy black lady who amassed millions of dollars after developing a hair product specifically for black ladies.

1917 – Protests and Riots in the Struggle for Equal Rights

In response to the St. Louis riots that massacred hundreds of black people, a quiet protest was planned in New York. Many blacks banded together and battled for their rights during this time period.

1918 – Marcus Garvey begins publishing

Marcus Garvey’s mission was to bring Negros from all corners of the globe together. He published The Negro World.

1919 – The American Negro

In the United States, a writer named Benjamin Brawley authored and published a book titled The Negro in Art and Literature.

1924 – The Civic Club Dinner officially kicks off the New Negro

This was a planned dinner that brought together black authors and white publishers.

1925 – The New Negro movement

Harlem: Mecca of the New Negro was compiled and published by Alain Locke. This contributed to the continuation of the new Negro movement that began the previous year with the Civic Dinner.

1927 – An African American wins the Pulitzer Prize

In Abraham’s Bosom is a work by Paul Green. It was awarded the Pulitzer Prize.

1927 – Louis Armstrong plays jazz

Louis Armstrong started his career as a jazz musician.

1927 – Harlem Globetrotters

The Harlem Globetrotters was founded. It is still well recognized in modern times.

1929 – A successful Broadway play by a black artist

Wallace Thurman’s Harlem premiered on Broadway. It was the most successful play written by a black playwright during its era.

1929 – The beginning of the Great Depression

The stock market collapsed in 1929, precipitating the Great Depression.

1934 – Combating segregation

NAACP and American Fund for Public Service members gathered to explore methods to eliminate segregation, or the separation of blacks and whites.

1937 – The Harlem Renaissance’s last novel

Zora Hurston, an African American novelist, wrote the book Their Eyes Were Watching God. It is regarded as the Harlem Renaissance’s last book.