1870 – Slaves who are no longer enslaved move on (1870’s).
Beginning in the 1870’s, a large number of former slaves started moving north from the oppressive south.
1900 – Harlem becomes the final destination
Harlem, in New York, was founded by wealthy white people. Former slaves and other immigrants settled in this prosperous area as they made their way north.
1910 – The NAACP is founded
NAACP is an acronym for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. It was founded in 1910.
1916 – Madame Walker moves to Harlem
In 1916, Madame Walker relocated to Harlem. She was a wealthy black lady who amassed millions of dollars after developing a hair product specifically for black ladies.
1917 – Protests and Riots in the Struggle for Equal Rights
In response to the St. Louis riots that massacred hundreds of black people, a quiet protest was planned in New York. Many blacks banded together and battled for their rights during this time period.
1918 – Marcus Garvey begins publishing
Marcus Garvey’s mission was to bring Negros from all corners of the globe together. He published The Negro World.
1919 – The American Negro
In the United States, a writer named Benjamin Brawley authored and published a book titled The Negro in Art and Literature.
1924 – The Civic Club Dinner officially kicks off the New Negro
This was a planned dinner that brought together black authors and white publishers.
1925 – The New Negro movement
Harlem: Mecca of the New Negro was compiled and published by Alain Locke. This contributed to the continuation of the new Negro movement that began the previous year with the Civic Dinner.
1927 – An African American wins the Pulitzer Prize
In Abraham’s Bosom is a work by Paul Green. It was awarded the Pulitzer Prize.
1927 – Louis Armstrong plays jazz
Louis Armstrong started his career as a jazz musician.
1927 – Harlem Globetrotters
The Harlem Globetrotters was founded. It is still well recognized in modern times.
1929 – A successful Broadway play by a black artist
Wallace Thurman’s Harlem premiered on Broadway. It was the most successful play written by a black playwright during its era.
1929 – The beginning of the Great Depression
The stock market collapsed in 1929, precipitating the Great Depression.
1934 – Combating segregation
NAACP and American Fund for Public Service members gathered to explore methods to eliminate segregation, or the separation of blacks and whites.
1937 – The Harlem Renaissance’s last novel
Zora Hurston, an African American novelist, wrote the book Their Eyes Were Watching God. It is regarded as the Harlem Renaissance’s last book.